States

We’re working on a state-by-state directory for the Fair DUI Flyer, DUI laws and lawyers. We thought about how to organize it and the best we could come up with was alphabetical:

A-F

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida

G-L

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana

M

Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana

N

Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

O-S

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota

T-W

Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

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117 thoughts on “States

        1. Tony

          “Doing bigger state first”, and this was posted in June 2017. It is now nearly two years later and the list is still incomplete. Will small states like Rhode Island and Delaware ever be done?

  1. George Ralph

    Is there a flyer for the state of Maryland ?
    If not when do you think one will be forthcoming

    Thank you,
    George

    Reply
  2. Paul

    As of 2/28/15 the States list only has two states, NY & FL, with links to the flyer.
    Can you update the list with the other States that you have flyers on?

    Reply
  3. Ben

    Washington State

    46.20.017
    Immediate possession and displayed on demand.
    Every licensee shall have his or her driver’s license in his or her immediate possession at all times when operating a motor vehicle and shall display the same upon demand to any police officer or to any other person when and if required by law to do so. The offense described in this section is a nonmoving offense.

    46.64.070
    Stopping motor vehicles for driver’s license check, vehicle inspection and test — Authorized — Powers additional.
    To carry out the purpose of RCW 46.64.060 and 46.64.070, officers of the Washington state patrol are hereby empowered during daylight hours and while using plainly marked state patrol vehicles to require the driver of any motor vehicle being operated on any highway of this state to stop and display his or her driver’s license and/or to submit the motor vehicle being driven by such person to an inspection and test to ascertain whether such vehicle complies with the minimum equipment requirements prescribed by chapter 46.37 RCW, as now or hereafter amended. No criminal citation shall be issued for a period of ten days after giving a warning ticket pointing out the defect.

    Even more good news. You are not required to sign a traffic ticket, SHB 1650, and DUI Checkpoints are not allowed, Illegal without authorizing statute per Supreme Court. (Seattle v. Mesiani; 1988)

    Reply
  4. Ben

    Pennsylvania

    Because of how §1511 is written I suggest having a pad and pen at the ready written on the back of this flyer, just incase.

    § 1511. Carrying and exhibiting driver’s license on demand.

    (a) General rule.–Every licensee shall possess a driver’s license issued to the licensee at all times when driving a motor vehicle and shall exhibit the license upon demand by a police officer, and when requested by the police officer the licensee shall write the licensee’s name in the presence of the officer in order to provide identity.

    (b) Production to avoid penalty.–No person shall be convicted of violating this section or section 1501(a) (relating to drivers required to be licensed) if the person:

    (1) produces at the headquarters of the police officer who demanded to see the person’s license, within 15 days of the demand, a driver’s license valid in this Commonwealth at the time of the demand; or

    (2) if a citation has been filed, produces at the office of the issuing authority, within 15 days of the filing of the citation, a driver’s license valid in this Commonwealth on the date of the citation.

    Title 234 – Chapter 4 – Rule 403 – Contents of Citation.

    (A) Every citation shall contain:

    (1) the name and address of the organization, and badge number, if any, of the law enforcement officer;

    (2) the name and address of the defendant;

    (3) a notation if the defendant is under 18 years of age and whether the parents or guardians have been notified of the charge(s);

    (4) the date and time when the offense is alleged to have been committed, provided however, if the day of the week is an essential element of the offense charged, such day must be specifically set forth;

    (5) the place where the offense is alleged to have been committed;

    (6) a citation of the specific section and subsection of the statute or ordinance allegedly violated, together with a summary of the facts sufficient to advise the defendant of the nature of the offense charged;

    (7) the date of issuance;

    (8) a notation if criminal laboratory services are requested in the case;

    (9) a verification by the law enforcement officer that the facts set forth in the citation are true and correct to the officer’s personal knowledge, or information and belief, and that any false statements therein are made subject to the penalties of the Crimes Code, 18 Pa.C.S. § 4904, relating to unsworn falsification to authorities.

    (B) The copy delivered to the defendant shall also contain a notice to the defendant:

    (1) that the original copy of the citation will be filed before the issuing authority of the magisterial district designated in the citation, the address and number of which shall be contained in the citation; and

    (2) that the defendant shall, within 10 days after issuance of the citation:

    (a) plead not guilty by:

    (i) notifying the proper issuing authority in writing of the plea and forwarding as collateral for appearance at trial an amount equal to the fine and costs specified in the citation, plus any additional fee required by law. If the amount is not specified, the defendant shall forward the sum of $50 as collateral for appearance at trial; or

    (ii) appearing before the proper issuing authority, entering the plea, and depositing such collateral for appearance at trial as the issuing authority shall require. If the defendant cannot afford to pay the collateral specified in the citation or the $50, the defendant must appear before the issuing authority to enter a plea; or

    (b) plead guilty by:

    (i) notifying the proper issuing authority in writing of the plea and forwarding an amount equal to the fine and costs when specified in the statute or ordinance, the amount of which shall be set forth in the citation; or

    (ii) appearing before the proper issuing authority for the entry of the plea and imposition of sentence, when the fine and costs are not specified in the citation or when required to appear pursuant to Rule 409(B)(3), 414(B)(3), or 424(B)(3); or

    (c) appear before the proper issuing authority to request consideration for inclusion in an accelerated rehabilitative disposition program;

    (3) that all checks forwarded for the fine and costs or for collateral shall be made payable to the magisterial district number set forth on the citation;

    (4) that failure to respond to the citation as provided above within the time specified:

    (a) shall result in the issuance of a summons when a violation of an ordinance or any parking offense is charged, or when the defendant is under 18 years of age, and in all other cases shall result in the issuance of a warrant for the arrest of the defendant; and

    (b) shall result in the suspension of the defendant’s driver’s license when a violation of the Vehicle Code is charged;

    (5) that failure to indicate a plea when forwarding an amount equal to the fine and costs specified on the citation shall result in a guilty plea being recorded; and

    (6) that, if the defendant is convicted or has pleaded guilty, the defendant may appeal within 30 days for a trial de novo.

    Comment
    A law enforcement officer may prepare, verify, and transmit a citation electronically. The law enforcement officer contemporaneously must give the defendant a paper copy of the citation containing all the information required by this rule. Nothing in this rule is intended to require the defendant to sign the citation.

    Paragraph (A)(3) requires the law enforcement officer who issues a citation to indicate on the citation if the defendant is a juvenile and, if so, whether the juvenile’s parents were notified. See the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. § 1522, concerning parental notification in certain summary cases involving juveniles.

    Paragraph (A)(8) requires the law enforcement officer who issues a citation to indicate on the citation whether criminal laboratory services are requested in the case. This information is necessary to inform the magisterial district judge that, in addition to any fines, restitution, or costs, the magisterial district judge may be required to sentence the defendant to pay a criminal laboratory user fee. See 42 Pa.C.S. § 1725.3 which requires that a defendant be sentenced to pay a criminal laboratory user fee in certain specified cases when laboratory services are required to prosecute the case.

    As provided in paragraph (B)(2)(b)(i), the defendant may plead guilty by mail only when the fine and costs are set forth in the citation. The law enforcement officer may specify the fine and costs in the citation only when the penalty provided by law does not include a possible sentence of imprisonment and the statute or ordinance fixes the specific amount for the fine.

    Paragraph (B)(4)(a) provides for notice to the defendant who is under 18 years of age that a summons will be issued if the defendant fails to respond to the citation.

    Paragraph (B)(4)(b) provides notice to the defendant that his or her license will be suspended if the defendant fails to respond to the citation or summons within the time specified in the rules. See 75 Pa.C.S. § 1533.

    Paragraph (B)(5) provides a uniform procedure for handling cases in which a defendant returns the fine and costs but fails to sign the citation and, therefore, does not indicate a plea. See Rule 407.

    Paragraph (B)(6) was amended in 2000 to make it clear in a summary criminal case that the defendant may file an appeal for a trial de novo following the entry of a guilty plea. See Rule 460 (Notice of Appeal).

    It is intended that the notice to the defendant, required by paragraph (B) to be on the copy of the citation delivered to the defendant, shall be simply worded so the plain meaning of the notice is easily understandable.

    Reply
  5. Ben

    Virginia

    § 46.2-104. Possession of registration cards; exhibiting registration card and licenses; failure to carry license or registration card.

    The operator of any motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer being operated on the highways in the Commonwealth, shall have in his possession: (i) the registration card issued by the Department or the registration card issued by the state or country in which the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer is registered, and (ii) his driver’s license, learner’s permit, or temporary driver’s permit.

    The owner or operator of any motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer shall stop on the signal of any law-enforcement officer who is in uniform or shows his badge or other sign of authority and shall, on the officer’s request, exhibit his registration card, driver’s license, learner’s permit, or temporary driver’s permit and write his name in the presence of the officer, if so required, for the purpose of establishing his identity.

    Every person licensed by the Department as a driver or issued a learner’s or temporary driver’s permit who fails to carry his license or permit, and the registration card for the vehicle which he operates, shall be guilty of a traffic infraction and upon conviction punished by a fine of ten dollars. However, if any person summoned to appear before a court for failure to display his license, permit, or registration card presents, before the return date of the summons, to the court a license or permit issued to him prior to the time the summons was issued or a registration card, as the case may be, or appears pursuant to the summons and produces before the court a license or permit issued to him prior to the time the summons was issued or a registration card, as the case may be, he shall, upon payment of all applicable court costs, have complied with the provisions of this section.

    § 46.2-936. Arrest for misdemeanor; release on summons and promise to appear; right to demand hearing immediately or within twenty-four hours; issuance of warrant on request of officer for violations of §§ 46.2-301 and 46.2-302; refusal to promise to appear; violations.

    Whenever any person is detained by or in the custody of an arresting officer, including an arrest on a warrant, for a violation of any provision of this title punishable as a misdemeanor, the arresting officer shall, except as otherwise provided in § 46.2-940, take the name and address of such person and the license number of his motor vehicle and issue a summons or otherwise notify him in writing to appear at a time and place to be specified in such summons or notice. Such time shall be at least five days after such arrest unless the person arrested demands an earlier hearing. Such person shall, if he so desires, have a right to an immediate hearing, or a hearing within twenty-four hours at a convenient hour, before a court having jurisdiction under this title within the county, city, or town wherein such offense was committed. Upon the giving by such person of his written promise to appear at such time and place, the officer shall forthwith release him from custody.

    Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this section, if prior general approval has been granted by order of the general district court for the use of this section in cases involving violations of §§ 46.2-301 and 46.2-302, the arresting officer may take the person before the appropriate judicial officer of the county or city in which the violation occurred and make oath as to the offense and request issuance of a warrant. If a warrant is issued, the judicial officer shall proceed in accordance with the provisions of Article 1 (§ 19.2-119 et seq.) of Chapter 9 of Title 19.2.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, in cases involving a violation of § 46.2-341.24 or § 46.2-341.31, the arresting officer shall take the person before a magistrate as provided in §§ 46.2-341.26:2 and 46.2-341.26:3. The magistrate may issue either a summons or a warrant as he shall deem proper.

    Any person refusing to give such written promise to appear under the provisions of this section shall be taken immediately by the arresting officer before a magistrate or other issuing officer having jurisdiction who shall proceed according to the provisions of § 46.2-940.

    Any person who willfully violates his written promise to appear, given in accordance with this section, shall be treated in accordance with the provisions of § 46.2-938.

    Any officer violating any of the provisions of this section shall be guilty of misconduct in office and subject to removal therefrom upon complaint filed by any person in a court of competent jurisdiction. This section shall not be construed to limit the removal of a law-enforcement officer for other misconduct in office.

    Reply
  6. Ben

    North Carolina

    § 15A-302. Citation.

    (a) Definition. – A citation is a directive, issued by a law enforcement officer or other person authorized by statute, that a person appear in court and answer a misdemeanor or infraction charge or charges.

    (b) When Issued. – An officer may issue a citation to any person who he has probable cause to believe has committed a misdemeanor or infraction.

    (c) Contents. – The citation must:

    (1) Identify the crime charged, including the date, and where material, identify the property and other persons involved,

    (2) Contain the name and address of the person cited, or other identification if that cannot be ascertained,

    (3) Identify the officer issuing the citation, and

    (4) Cite the person to whom issued to appear in a designated court, at a designated time and date.

    (d) Service. – A copy of the citation shall be delivered to the person cited who may sign a receipt on the original which shall thereafter be filed with the clerk by the officer. If the cited person refuses to sign, the officer shall certify delivery of the citation by signing the original, which shall thereafter be filed with the clerk. Failure of the person cited to sign the citation shall not constitute grounds for his arrest or the requirement that he post a bond. When a citation is issued for a parking offense, a copy shall be delivered to the operator of a vehicle who is present at the time of service, or shall be delivered to the registered owner of the vehicle if the operator is not present by affixing a copy of the citation to the vehicle in a conspicuous place.

    (e) Dismissal by Prosecutor. – If the prosecutor finds that no crime or infraction is charged in the citation, or that there is insufficient evidence to warrant prosecution, he may dismiss the charge and so notify the person cited. An appropriate entry must be made in the records of the clerk. It is not necessary to enter the dismissal in open court or to obtain consent of the judge.

    (f) Citation No Bar to Criminal Summons or Warrant. – If the offense is a misdemeanor, a criminal summons or a warrant may issue notwithstanding the prior issuance of a citation for the same offense. If a defendant fails to appear in court as directed by a citation that charges the defendant with a misdemeanor, an order for arrest for failure to appear may be issued by a judicial official.

    (g) Preparation of Form. – The form and content of the citation is as prescribed by the Administrative Officer of the Courts. The form of citation used for violation of the motor vehicle laws must contain a notice that the driving privilege of the person cited may be revoked for failure to appear as cited, and must be prepared as provided in G.S. 7A-148(b).

    § 20-29. Surrender of license.

    Any person operating or in charge of a motor vehicle, when requested by an officer in uniform, or, in the event of accident in which the vehicle which he is operating or in charge of shall be involved, when requested by any other person, who shall refuse to write his name for the purpose of identification or to give his name and address and the name and address of the owner of such vehicle, or who shall give a false name or address, or who shall refuse, on demand of such officer or such other person, to produce his license and exhibit same to such officer or such other person for the purpose of examination, or who shall refuse to surrender his license on demand of the Division, or fail to produce same when requested by a court of this State, shall be guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor. Pickup notices for drivers’ licenses or revocation or suspension of license notices and orders or demands issued by the Division for the surrender of such licenses may be served and executed by patrolmen or other peace officers or may be served in accordance with G.S. 20-48. Patrolmen and peace officers, while serving and executing such notices, orders and demands, shall have all the power and authority possessed by peace officers when serving the executing warrants charging violations of the criminal laws of the State.

    Well § 20-29 is kind of a double edge sword. You can just exhibit your license through the window BUT if, and only if, the officer demands that you surrender your license you are then, required by this law, gonna have to fork it over.

    REMEMBER!! This flyer is not for everyone!
    **If you researched your state’s laws thoroughly, consulted with some lawyers, and use good common sense you should know how to handle the situation properly. (emphasis)**

    Reply
  7. Ben

    West Virginia

    §17B-2-9. License to be carried and exhibited on demand; penalty.
    (a) Every licensee shall have his or her driver’s license in such person’s immediate possession at all times when operating a motor vehicle and shall display the same, upon demand of a magistrate, municipal judge, circuit court judge, peace officer, or an employee of the division.
    (b) Any person violating the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars: Provided, That no person charged with violating this section shall be convicted if such person produces in court or at the office of the arresting officer a driver’s license issued to such person and valid at the time of such person’s arrest.

    §62-1-5a. Citation in lieu of arrest; failure to appear.
    A law-enforcement officer may issue a citation instead of making an arrest for the following offenses, if there are reasonable grounds to believe that the person being cited will appear to answer the charge:
    (1) Any misdemeanor, not involving injury to the person, committed in a law-enforcement officer’s presence: Provided, That the officer may arrest the person if he has reasonable grounds to believe that the person is likely to cause serious harm to himself or others; and

    (2) When any person is being detained for the purpose of investigating whether such person has committed or attempted to commit shoplifting, pursuant to section four, article three-a, chapter sixty-one of this code.

    The citation shall provide that the defendant shall appear within a designated time.

    If the defendant fails to appear in response to the citation or if there are reasonable grounds to believe that he will not appear, a complaint may be made and a warrant shall issue. When a physical arrest is made and a citation is issued in relation to the same offense the officer shall mark on the citation, in the place specified for court appearance date, the word “arrested” in lieu of the date of court appearance.

    Nothing, that I’ve noticed, in § 62-1-5a states that you have to sign a citation in WV.

    Reply
  8. Ben

    District of Columbia

    § 50-1401.01. Fee; examination; age requirements; lost permits; provisions for armed forces personnel; contents; operation without permit prohibited; restrictions for minors.

    (c) Any individual to whom a license or permit to operate a motor vehicle has been issued shall have the license or permit in his or her immediate possession at all times while operating a motor vehicle in the District of Columbia and shall exhibit the license or permit to any police officer upon demand. Any person who fails to comply with the requirements of this subsection shall, upon conviction, be fined not less than $ 10 nor more than $ 50.

    TITLE 18 VEHICLES AND TRAFFIC; CHAPTER 30 ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT

    3000.1 The Notice of Infraction, also referred to as a ticket, shall be in the form prescribed by the Director and shall contain the type of registration; the registration plate number; the jurisdiction of registration; a description of the vehicle; a general statement of the violation alleged; the date, time, and place of the occurrence; and if a meter violation, the meter number.

    3000.6 Except as provided in § 3000.7, the signature of an issuing officer on a Notice of Infraction shall be evidence of the validity of the issuance and the truth of the facts stated on the Notice.

    Reply
  9. Ben

    Delaware

    § 2721 – DUTY TO SIGN AND CARRY LICENSE

    (a) Every person licensed as an operator shall write the person’s usual signature with pen and ink in the spaces provided for that purpose on the license certificate and such license shall not be valid until the certificate is so signed.

    (b) The licensee shall have such license in the licensee’s immediate possession at all times when driving a motor vehicle and shall display the same upon demand of a uniformed police officer, justice of the peace, peace officer or motor vehicle inspector. It shall be a defense to any charge under this subsection if the person so charged produces in court an operator’s license theretofore issued to such person and valid at the time of the arrest.

    § 1907 – SUMMONS INSTEAD OF ARREST; FORM; PENALTY FOR NON APPEARENCE.

    (a) In any case in which it is lawful for a peace officer to arrest without a warrant a person for a misdemeanor, the officer may, but need not, give the person a written summons in substantially the following form:

    Violator’s Last Name First Middle O.C.P. Birth Date ☺Sex
    No. ☺M F
    No. and Street City State Color Occupation
    W B O
    Owner’s Name First Middle State Tag No.
    Address
    Specific Offense Sec. No. Date Acc.
    Time M. Yes No
    Hundred County Route No. Exact Location
    S K NC
    Magistrate Arresting Officer ☺Date of Trial
    ______________________________ Troop Time
    Address
    You are hereby directed to appear at the time and place designated above to stand trial for the offense indicated. A failure to obey this summons may result in fine or imprisonment, or both. Final Disposition of Upper Court Remarks ______________________________
    TRAFFIC ARREST REPORT
    DELAWARE STATE POLICE

    (b) If the person fails to appear in answer to the summons, or if there is reasonable cause to believe that the person will not appear, a warrant for the person’s arrest may issue.

    (c) Whoever willfully fails to appear in answer to the summons may be fined not more than $100 or imprisoned for not more than 30 days, or both. – See more at: http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/decode/11/19/I/1907#sthash.dkp4vGmU.dpuf

    §1908 – RELEASE OF PERSON ARRESTED WITHOUT WARRENT.

    (a) Any officer in charge of a police department or any officer delegated by the officer may release, instead of taking before a magistrate, any person who has been arrested without a warrant by an officer of that department whenever:

    (1) The officer is satisfied either that there is no ground for making a criminal complaint against the person and no further proceedings are desirable; or

    (2) The person was arrested for a misdemeanor and has signed an agreement to appear in court at a time designated, if the officer is satisfied that the person is a resident of the State and will appear in court at the time designated.

    (b) A person released as provided in this section shall have no right to sue on the ground that the person was released without being brought before a magistrate.

    Reply
      1. Ben

        lol! Your welcome Mr. Wredlich and anytime. I’ve been working my way up the east coast and I’ll have the rest of New England done soon. 😉

        Reply
  10. Marilyn

    MONTANA reporting in.

    Please, inform Big Sky citizens , such as myself, how to handle a DUI check point.
    I loved your video showing how you legally handled such a stop in Florida. I need
    to know what my rights are and how to protect myself..

    Thank you in advance,
    Marilyn

    Reply
  11. Alan

    The DC/MD/VA area has many federal properties and parkways such as the Baltimore-Washington Parkway that is patrolled by the US Park Police. I believe the state laws do not apply on a federal parkway. The laws might also be different in federal parks, reservations and other areas. Please check and clarify this in your state listings!

    Reply
  12. William Sullivan

    Hi,

    I live in south Mississippi and I routienly go through checkpoints on my commute at least one every other week If not one a week. It’s a bit ridiculous and searching for info lead me here. Any help would be appreciated I have had it with the way these cops handle themselves. I wouldn’t mind if I wasn’t automatically accused as soon as I pull up. Never had a run with the law in my life either. I would love some info on how to best handle these situations as they appear as they will continue for a good long while as this has been going on for well over a year or two now.

    Thanks,
    William

    Reply
  13. Rob Yates

    We need one for Michigan now! The harassment by The MI State Police last weekend in and around Boyne Mountain was absolutely overkill and a waste of taxpayers $$. If I was the Kircher Family (owners of Boyne USA and the largest employer of the county) I would be up the States ass over this unnecessary show of force. Any law abiding family will never return. I passed 12 state cops in 3 miles with 8 vehicles pulled over. Friday night at 7PM!!! Who the hell was watching the rest of the state? Nothing but a money maker for Charlevoix County, Attorneys, and Judges. What an injustice to the very people who pay taxes, and thus the Troopers Salaries. Having gone through this once, after 2 beers, I want any ammunition I can use. Especially stone cold sober. I dont care if I set for a day until they get a search warrant. I will NEVER roll my window down again, or speak until an Attorney is present, and they have a search warrant. To Serve and Protect my ASS!!

    Reply
  14. Ben

    Maryland

    § 16-112.
    (a) In this section, “display” means the manual surrender of the licensee’s license into the hands of the demanding officer for inspection.
    (b) Each individual driving a motor vehicle on any highway in this State shall have his license with him.
    (c) Each individual driving a motor vehicle on any highway in this State shall display the license to any uniformed police officer who demands it.
    (d) Each individual driving a motor vehicle on any highway in this State shall, if requested by the officer, sign his usual signature in the presence of the officer so that the officer may determine whether he is the licensee.
    (e) A person may not give the name of another person or give a false or fictitious name to any uniformed police officer who is attempting to determine the identity of a driver of a motor vehicle.

    §26–203.

    (a) This section applies to all traffic citations issued under this subtitle, unless:

    (1) The person otherwise is being arrested under § 26–202(a)(1), (2), (3), or (4) of this subtitle;

    (2) The person is incapacitated or otherwise unable to comply with the provisions of this section;

    (3) The citation is being issued to an unattended vehicle in violation of § 21–1003 of this article; or

    (4) The citation is being issued to an unattended motor vehicle in violation of § 13–402 of this article.

    (b) On issuing a traffic citation, the police officer:

    (1) Shall ask the person to acknowledge receipt of a copy of the citation, as required under § 1–605 of the Courts Article; and

    (2) If the person refuses to do so, shall advise the person that failure to acknowledge receipt may lead to the person’s arrest.

    (c) (1) On being advised that failure to acknowledge receipt of a copy of a citation may lead to arrest, the person may not refuse to acknowledge receipt.

    (2) If the person continues to refuse to do so, the police officer may arrest the person for violation of this section or, as provided in § 26–202(a)(5) of this subtitle, for the original charge, or both.

    § 26-202.
    (a) A police officer may arrest without a warrant a person for a violation of the Maryland Vehicle Law, including any rule or regulation adopted under it, or for a violation of any traffic law or ordinance of any local authority of this State, if:

    (1) The person has committed or is committing the violation within the view or presence of the officer, and the violation is any of the following:
    (i) A violation of § 21-1411 or § 22-409 of this article, relating to vehicles transporting hazardous materials; or
    (ii) A violation of § 24-111 or § 24-111.1 of this article, relating to the failure or refusal to submit a vehicle to a weighing or to remove excess weight from it;

    (2) The person has committed or is committing the violation within the view or presence of the officer, and either:
    (i) The person does not furnish satisfactory evidence of identity; or
    (ii) The officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person will disregard a traffic citation;

    (3) The officer has probable cause to believe that the person has committed the violation, and the violation is any of the following offenses:
    (i) Driving or attempting to drive while under the influence of alcohol, while impaired by alcohol, or in violation of an alcohol restriction;
    (ii) Driving or attempting to drive while impaired by any drug, any combination of drugs, or any combination of one or more drugs and alcohol or while impaired by any controlled dangerous substance;
    (iii) Failure to stop, give information, or render reasonable assistance, as required by §§ 20-102 and 20-104 of this article, in the event of an accident resulting in bodily injury to or death of any person;
    (iv) Driving or attempting to drive a motor vehicle while the driver’s license or privilege to drive is suspended or revoked;
    (v) Failure to stop or give information, as required by §§ 20-103 through 20-105 of this article, in the event of an accident resulting in damage to a vehicle or other property;
    (vi) Any offense that caused or contributed to an accident resulting in bodily injury to or death of any person; or
    (vii) Fleeing or attempting to elude a police officer;

    (4) The person is a nonresident and the officer has probable cause to believe that:
    (i) The person has committed the violation; and
    (ii) The violation contributed to an accident; or

    (5) The officer has probable cause to believe that the person has committed the violation, and, subject to the procedures set forth in § 26-203 of this subtitle, the person is issued a traffic citation and refuses to acknowledge its receipt by signature.
    (b) An arrest under this section shall be made in the same manner as, and without more force than, in misdemeanor cases.
    (c) A person arrested under this section shall be taken without unnecessary delay before a District Court commissioner, as specified in § 26-401 of this title, unless the arresting officer in his discretion releases the individual upon the individual’s written promise to appear for trial.

    **REMEMBER WHAT THE FLYER STATES, “I WILL COMPLY WITH (CLEARLY STATED) LAWFULL ORDERS”**
    **Research your states’ laws, consult with lawyers, and use good common sense!** (emphasis)
    fyi Maryland laws SUCK!!

    Reply
  15. James

    Need a flyer for Alabama please. In the past law enforcement would set up a roadblock under the guise of a license and registration check, now the first word out of a cops mouth at a roadblock is “ya been drinking?”

    Reply
  16. William Langley

    please post one for Louisiana as soon as possible,, I have signed up for the newsletter also. Great work, we must stand up for our rights before they completely indoctrinate citizens to believe that law enforcement have the ability to do what they want, when they want as alot of these cops are doing. I am left wondering how when in court we are told ignorance of the law is not an excuse but most officers have no concept of actual laws( i.e. video capturing police interaction). How can they enforce laws when they don’t seem to know the laws themselves?

    Reply
  17. Mike

    I made my own for Washington state. My research indicates that you are not required to sign tickets. However, I do not know if you have to hand over your papers, or just showing them through the window is enough.

    Reply
  18. Taylor Bickett

    When will north dakota be up? Also if you could email me some of the rulea that apply to my state that would be great

    Reply
  19. Thomas Cooley

    I’m a Massachusetts resident and would like to know when they’ll have one ready for us so that I can get a copy and make tons of them to pass around to my friends.

    Reply
      1. Jordan harmon

        Looking to find maine there’s not much to do around here so police like to pull people over for anything they can think of just wondering on a time table thank you

        Reply
  20. Terese Fox

    I was wondering about Illinois. I know it’s there but do I have to give them my licence. You said it was tricky.

    Reply
  21. Micah Rogers

    Need one for Mississippi. I live on the coast and literally passed 10 cops with in 10miles on the 3rd and over 20 on the 4th of July… That’s ridiculous

    Reply
  22. Bill Hawley

    Hey, this is very appriciated! But Kansas needs this and many more laws explained. Law inforcement here writes it’s own rules.

    Reply
  23. Fred

    NEED FLYER FOR KENTUCKY, I LIVE IN TRI STATE AREA “KY-WV-VA. I WORK IN WV AND VA I CAN BE BOTH STATES ARE LESS THAN 10 MINS AWAY AND ALOT OF ROAD CHECKS.

    Reply
  24. Dustin Mergi

    I drive through a checkpoint every Wednesday and Friday on my way home from work. I get harassed every time because I refuse to speak. I comply but stay silent. I would love to have a flyer.

    Mississippi please!!

    Reply
  25. Ben

    He is no longer doing this. There won’t be any new fliers anymore.

    Why don’t you all do yourselves a favor and get off your lazy asses and look these laws up yourselves!

    Reply

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